What is The Midnight Sun and where can we see this phenomenon?

Malini VK - Infobite  Jun 20, 2019

What is The Midnight Sun and where can we see this phenomenon?

Midnight Sun or Midnight light is a natural phenomenon that is observed in places south of Antarctic circle and north of Arctic circle. For nearly six months, the sun is visible for the complete 24 hours in these polar regions.

How is it caused?

  • Axial tilt of the Earth causes midnight sun.
  • Earth is tilted 23.5 degrees while revolving around the sun. The axial tilt remains constant and as a result the Northern Hemisphere is inclined towards the sun in such a way that it receives sunlight continuously for 24 hours at the six months summer solstice.
  • Also, the Southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun for six months during winter solstice.

Where can people see the midnight sun?

  • Apart from research stations, there are no permanent human settlements in the Antarctic region. Hence midnight sun can be seen only in the Arctic region, particularly from the European countries which are populated in the north of Arctic pole.
  • Canadian Yukon, Nunavut regions, state of Alaska in United States, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, Russia are the major populated regions to experience this phenomenon.
  • Among the above regions some places have midnight sun for 2 weeks or 2 months or for the complete six months depending on their geographical positions.
  • Svalbard, Norway is the northernmost region of Europe where the midnight sun occurs for the longest period from 20 April to 22 August.

Norway for travelers:

  • Norway is the best place to enjoy chilly summer nights with sun. Northern Norway greets travelers with almost 76 days of midnight sun from May to July. Travelling more north leads to more sunny nights.
  • North Cape, Helgeland, Troms, Svalbard and many other places welcomes people with mind-boggling views.
  • People do cycling, river-paddling, sea-kayaking, midnight hike or quiet fishing in the sunny nights. What a great way to cherish the nature!